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Flux Architecture

Flux is a design pattern introduced by Facebook to address the challenges of building large scale web applications. Though originally designed with web applications in mind, the Flux architecture can be applied to any client-side project, including terminal applications. Here’s real world example of using the Flux architecture with ratatui:

Why Flux for ratatui?

Terminal applications often have to deal with complex user interactions, multiple views, and dynamic data sources. Keeping the application predictable and the logic decoupled is crucial. Flux, with its unidirectional data flow, allows ratatui developers to have a structured way to handle user input, process data, and update the views.

Flux ratatui Overview


The dispatcher remains the central hub that manages all data flow in your application. Every action in the application, whether it’s a user input or a response from a server, will be channeled through the dispatcher. This ensures a unified way of handling data, and since the dispatcher has no logic of its own, it simply ensures that all registered callbacks receive the action data.

struct Dispatcher {
store: Store,
impl Dispatcher {
fn dispatch(&mut self, action: Action) {;


Stores in Ratatui hold the application’s state and its logic. They could represent things like:

  • A list of items in a menu.
  • The content of a text editor or viewer.
  • User configurations or preferences.

Stores listen for actions dispatched from the Dispatcher. When a relevant action is dispatched, the store updates its state and notifies any listening components (or views) that a change has occurred.

struct Store {
counter: i32,
impl Store {
fn new() -> Self {
Self { counter: 0 }
fn update(&mut self, action: Action) {
match action {
Action::Increment => self.counter += 1,
Action::Decrement => self.counter -= 1,
fn get_state(&self) -> i32 {


Actions represent any change or event in your application. For instance, when a user presses a key, selects a menu item, or inputs text, an action is created. This action is dispatched and processed by the relevant stores, leading to potential changes in application state.

enum Action {

Views / Widgets

ratatui’s widgets display the application’s UI. They don’t hold or manage the application state, but they display it. When a user interacts with a widget, it can create an action that gets dispatched, which may lead to a change in a store, which in turn may lead to the widget being updated.